writing the final report
The report should be written in the form of a paper.
The following sections should be included:
The report should have between 10 and 30 pages written in Times New Roman
(or similar), 12 point size, single or 1 and 1/2 spaced. All margins should
be less or equal to 1 inch.
This is what the sections above should include:
The abstract should be one paragraph of up to 300 words. The abstract
should summarize the content of the work presented and underline its importance.
The reader should be able to assess the importance of hte work and the
original contribution from the abstract. There are publications that only
include abstracts of papers. You put here whatever you think would
entice the reader to read the rest of the paper as well.
The introduction should present the context, the problem and its significance.
Not more than 1 page.
A review of what other people have done related to the problem studied.
You should go into some detail for that particular part on which you are
building. Present advantages and disadvantages or all existing work. Use
complete references. The purpose of this part is to convince your
reader that: i) you know what has been done in the field about the
problem studied and ii) there was a need for the work you are presenting.
Not less than 2 pages. Use as much space as needed.
This is the section in which you present your work. Make sure that you
do not assume anything about the reader's background. Make sure you present
all that is needed for somebody with a general scientific background
to understand your work.
Do not use statements like "it is obvious that...", "it is clear that...",
etc. Support each individual statement with arguments and/or references
to existing results.
The technique that you are proposing tends to be always the best there
is. Try to be objective. Discuss advantages AND disadvantages.
Justify why you have designed the experiments as you did. Present
the hypothesis to be tested by the experiments and anticipate what would
prove or disprove them.
Present the experiements in details. Make sure that all the information
needed to reproduce your results is there.
Present you conclusions. Describe again but very briefly what the problem
was, how you addressed it and what the main results are. A reader
should be able to get a good idea about the paper just from the
The references must include all the information necessary to retrive that
piece of writing from wherever it is. Web pages and "personal communications" are
not acceptable as references.
These are examples of references for a journal article, book and conference
Draghici S. - A neural network based artificial vision system for licence
plate recognition, International Journal of Neural Systems, pp. 113-126,
vol. 8, no. 1, 1997.
Preparata F., Shamos M. I. - Computational Geometry - An Introduction,
Draghici S. - On the Complexity of VLSI-Friendly Neural Networks for
Classification Problems, in R. Mercer, E. Neufeld (Eds.), Lecture Notes
in Artificial Intelligence 1418, Proc. of AI'98, The XII Canadian Conference
on Artificial Intelligence, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, 18 20
June 1998, pp. 285-297, Springer-Verlag, 1998.
This is how a reference should appear in the text [Draghici, 1998].
If you are writing a review paper, the structure is a bit different.
You give a general image about the field presenting the things that are
important across various techniques discussed. You also discuss the
criteria that you are going to use to organize the rest of the paper. These
criteria will induce the remaining headings.
Abstract - as above
Introduction - as above
Overview - as above
In a review paper you have to:
identify some criteria that allow you to put some order in the chaos
of the techniques reviewed
organize the various existing techniques using the criteria above
describe the main technique and ideas so that one could actually understand
give at least one reference for each technique or idea mentioned.